Formulas for Poetry

the next time you hear people describe something as poetic, ask them if they don’t really mean formulaic

the lists below are from Wikipedia

A
Action (literature)
Anacreontics
Antilabe
Antistrophe
Arlabecca
B
Ballad
Balliol rhyme
Balwo
Blank verse
Blason
Bosinada
Bouts-Rimés
Bref double
C
Canto
Carmen (verse)
Chant royal
Cinquain
Clerihew
Cobla (Occitan literary term)
Copla (meter)
Couplet
Cumulative song
Cumulative tale
D
Décima
Dinggedicht
Dodoitsu
E
Elegiac
Elegiac couplet
Elegy
Envoi
Epode
F
Fixed verse
Free verse
G
Ghazal
Gogyōshi
H
Hainteny
Heroic couplet
Heroic verse
Hudibrastic
Humdrum and Harum-Scarum
K
Kantan Chamorrita
L
Lục bát
M
Monostich
N
Nonnet
O
Octonary
Ode
Olonkho
Oríkì
P
Palinode
Pantoum
Pantun
Paradelle
Pathya Vat
Pentina
Poetic closure
Poetic Meter and Poetic Form
Q
Quaternion (poetry)
Quatorzain
Quintain (poetry)
Quinzaine
R
Ragale
Recueillement
Rhyme royal
Roundel (poetry)
S
Saturnian (poetry)
Sestet
Sevenling
Sijo
Silva (Spanish strophe)
Sisindiran
Skolion
Slavic antithesis
Song thất lục bát
Stanza
Stichic
Stichomythia
Strophe
Syair
Synchysis
T
Tanaga
Tanka (poetry)
Tanka in English
Tanka prose
Terzanelle
Thai poetry
Thanbauk (poetic form)
Tristich
Tweede Asem
U
Uta monogatari
V
Villanelle
Virelai nouveau
Y
Yadu (poetry)

And if this isn’t enough there are even more, and more, and more, and more

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